Ministers of the world’s richest democracies have agreed to work towards phasing out coal power, although they have not set a date.
They also said the energy crisis caused by the war between Russia and Ukraine should not derail efforts to fight climate change.
The pledge, published at the end of three days of Group of Seven talks in Berlin, was weaker than an earlier draft of the final communiqué seen by Reuters, which included a target to end unabated coal power generation by 2030.
Sources familiar with the discussions said Japan and the United States had both indicated they could not support that date.
But the pledge still marked the G7 countries’ first commitment to stop using coal-fired energy. Coal is the fossil fuel with the most CO2 emissions, and its use must be drastically reduced if the world is to avoid the worst effects of climate change.
The group met against rising energy costs and fuel concerns over the war in Ukraine. The conflict has sparked a struggle between some countries to buy more non-Russian fossil fuels and burns coal to reduce their dependence on Russian supplies.
“Replacing fossil fuels from Russia has dominated political debate and government actions in recent weeks and months,” German Economy Minister Robert Habeck said at a news conference.
‘Time is running out.’
“But it must be clear to us that the challenges of our political generation of limiting global warming will not disappear if we focus only on the present,” he said. “Time is literally running out.”
The G7 also agreed to largely decarbonize their energy sector by 2035 and to end government funding for “unabated” fossil fuel projects abroad by the end of this year, except in limited circumstances. “Without prejudice” refers to power plants that do not use technology to capture emissions.
The communiqué committed to a highly low-carbon road sector by 2030, including a significant increase in the sales, share, and uptake of zero-emission light vehicles.
The G7 also planned to report publicly next year on how countries are fulfilling their earlier commitment to end “inefficient” fossil fuel subsidies by 2025.
All the G7 countries, except Japan, made the financial commitment at the COP26 climate summit last year. Campaigners said it would be a major shift in Japan – one of the world’s largest funding providers for fossil fuel projects abroad – gets on board. Would come.
“If Japan implements this commitment with integrity, it will shift $11 billion a year directly from fossil fuels to clean energy and have a much greater indirect impact given Japan’s influence on other financiers in Asia and worldwide,” he said. Susanne Wong, Asia Program. Manager at oil change.
By covering all fossil fuels, including oil and gas, the agreement goes beyond a promise made by the G20 countries last year to cut foreign financing for coal only.
The G7 also pledged to take ambitious action against plastic pollution and step up national efforts to conserve or protect at least 30 percent of their coastal and marine areas by 2030.